How to Become A Police Officer In South Africa
A police officer, also called a policeman or policewoman, is an employer of a police department with police authority. In most countries, “police officer” is a general term that does not indicate a specific rank.
How to Become A Police Officer In South Africa
How Much Does police training cost?
From research, the cost of enrolling in a Police academy is usually total less than R 72936.10, and some police departments will reimburse a percentage of that tuition upon employment. After receiving your certification, you can then apply to become a police officer in that state.
Is it hard to get into the police?
Starting a career in the police can be one of the best things you’ll ever do. But being a police officer isn’t for everyone – it’s one of the most challenging careers you can choose, being physically, mentally and emotionally demanding.
Below is How To Become A Police Officer In South Africa
You must be a South African citizen.
You must be at least 18 years old but under the age of 30 years old.
You must have a valid driver’s license.
You must not have a criminal record.
You must be fluent in English and at least one other official language.
South African Police Recruitment: Become A South African Police Officer
The South African Police Service, better known as SAPS, is the national police force of South Africa. With a total of 1,138 police stations spread across South Africa’s nine provinces, there are a large number of jobs to which you can apply.
But with so much diversity also comes tremendous popularity. Competition for a job at SAPS is fiercer than ever, and that means applicants need to be among the best in their field. In this blog, we’ll take you through the South African Police Service selection process and show you what tests to expect.
When you join the South African Police Service, you usually do so as either a police officer or a civilian employee:
Police officers are hired under the provisions of the South African Police Service Act. If you apply as a police officer, your work will largely focus on preventing and fighting crime. Police officers tend to work on the front lines – they are out on the streets fighting criminals and investigating incidents.
Civilian employees are hired under Civil Service Law. If you apply in this capacity, you will be working in a “behind the scenes” support role, so to speak, rather than on the front lines of law enforcement. The work of civilian employees focuses on tasks such as administration, clerical work, procurement, and even keeping the police headquarters clean and tidy.
So if you want to work for the South African Police Service, but don’t feel like working on the front line, there is still a job for you.
Vacancies in the South African Police Service
The SAPS usually advertises vacancies in both national and local newspapers. These include The Sunday Times, City Press, and Rapport. Individual police departments do not have their own websites. Therefore, in order to apply, you will need to keep a close eye on the advertised vacancies.
You can also visit the South African Police Service’s careers page, where some jobs are advertised for both police officers and civilian employees.
One of the best ways to find out about vacancies in your area is to visit or contact your local police station (via a non-emergency number) to inquire about the possibility of employment with them. Even if no positions are currently available, you may be able to volunteer there – which will only strengthen your future application.
In order to join SAPS as a police official, under the terms of the South African Police Service Act, you will need to meet the following eligibility criteria:
You must be at least 18 years of age but under the age of 30.
You must have permanent residency in South Africa.
You must be able to pass the psychological assessment administered by SAPS, which determines that you fit the profile of a police official.
You must have a National Senior Certificate (NSC) at Grade 12, or an equivalent.
You must be fluent in English, and at least one other language.
You must not have any visible tattoos.
You must not have any past criminal convictions or history.
For the majority of these rules, you will need to supply SAPS with documented proof that you meet the criteria.
The Selection Process
So, now let’s look at what the selection process actually involves, and the stages required. As you can imagine, obtaining a role with SAPS is no easy task, and you will face a stringent set of selection tests.
Stage 1: Application Form
The type of application form you’ll fill in will very much depend on the role you’re applying for. For example, applicants for civilian employee roles will face a slightly different type of form to applicants applying for police official roles. However, the broad strokes of the application are the same:
The application form will assess you based on the eligibility criteria and ensure that you meet the standards and pre-joining requirements of SAPS. This will include questions related to your professional background, your financial history, and your employment history.
The application form is incredibly comprehensive. We advise taking two or three evenings to complete the entire form, making sure that you have met every single one of the instructions on the form to the letter. Failure to complete the form correctly is likely to lead to rejection – as vacancies for a role within SAPS are extremely popular, and therefore you are unlikely to make it to the next stage if you cannot follow simple instructions.
The South African Police Service will only accept an official application form, which is available via the SAPS website or can be collected at SAPS recruitment offices. SAPS are no longer accepting the Z83 form.
It is imperative that you are honest during your application form. As part of the selection process, SAPS will conduct a sustained investigation into your background. If at any point they discover you have not been truthful with the information provided, you will be disqualified from the selection process.
Stage 2: Assessment Centre
If you successfully pass the application form stage, then the next stage is to attend an assessment centre. The SAPS assessment centre will put you through a series of grueling and rigorous tests, all of which are designed to test whether you have the aptitude, critical thinking skills and competency to work within the South African Police Service. All of the tests will be taken under strict time conditions, and you will be judged on your efficiency as well as your accuracy.
During your assessment centre, you are likely to face tests including:
Numerical Reasoning. Numerical reasoning assesses your ability to work with numbers and involves calculations such as addition, subtraction, percentages, fractions, ratios, data and statistics, graphs, charts and other such numerical necessities.
Verbal Reasoning. Verbal reasoning is a key part of the assessment centre, and covers two areas (the second of which we will discuss in the next bullet). Verbal reasoning tests your understanding of words, phrases, grammar, spelling and punctuation.
Comprehension. The comprehension exercise will require you to read a passage of text, and then answer questions based on said text. Your speed-reading skills will be very important here, as you are under strictly timed conditions, and must be able to demonstrate that you can quickly and efficiently absorb information from a written passage.
Psychometric Assessment. The final testing stage of the assessment centre will be a series of psychometric tests, including spatial reasoning and non-verbal reasoning. You might also be asked to take a concentration test.
This is perhaps the hardest part of the assessment centre – as these tests will involve looking at shapes, identifying patterns, and differences between different shapes, and completing shape-based sequences, all at rapid speed!
Stage 3: The Interview
Whether you will need to sit an interview at the assessment centre, or follow the assessment centre, depends on the role you’re applying for. However, you can expect the interview to be conducted under formal conditions, and you will be rigorously tested by the individuals conducting said interview. The questions are likely to focus around:
Your ability to work under pressure.
Your ability to work as a member of a team.
The reasons why you’re applying to join SAPS.
What you already know and have learned about SAPS.
Why you think you would make a good police officer.
Your expectations for the role.
Your plans for the future.
If you are invited to attend the interview, or even if this just takes place at the assessment centre, make sure you wear a suit! Dressing smart shows professionalism and respect, and will make a real difference to your chances of success.
Stage 4: Fitness and Medical Checks
Once you’ve passed the first three stages, you’ll be asked to take a series of fitness and medical tests, to ensure you meet the physical criteria required. The fitness tests are as follows.
Male candidates must complete the following challenges:
First, you’ll need to run 2.4 kilometers in 13 minutes or less.
Second, you’ll need to complete 30 push-ups in 1 minute or less.
Thirdly, you’ll need to perform 45 sit-ups in 1 minute or less.
Finally, you’ll need to complete 10 shuttle runs in 1 minute or less.
Female candidates must complete the following challenges:
First, you’ll need to run 2.4 kilometers in 15 minutes and 30 seconds.
Second, you’ll need to complete 21 push-ups in 1 minute or less.
Thirdly, you’ll need to perform 31 sit-ups in 1 minute or less.
Finally, you’ll need to complete 10 shuttle runs in 70 seconds or less.
Following completion of the fitness and medical tests, you will be entered into the South African Police training programme.
South African Police Training
The training period for SAPS is rigorous and tough, and this means that not every single person passes. Below we’ve outlined some key things to note about the training:
The initial training period lasts for approximately 6 months. You’ll conduct 3 months of theoretical study, and 3 months of practical study, all of which will be conducted at one of six colleges set up for South African Police training.
Following the 12-month training period, you will enter the South African Police as a student constable. This title essentially means that although you have completed your initial training, you are still learning, and therefore will be required to gain more experience.
Usually, your time as a student constable will be spent working in a community-based capacity, gaining experience in dealing with the public and learning vital tips which will take you forward in your SAPS career. This period lasts for approximately 6 months.
Once your time spent working as a student constable has been completed, you will spend another 12 months training as a member of SAPS – dealing with everyday police scenarios and essentially functioning as a fully qualified member of the police force. Following this 12-month period, you will be inducted as an official employee of SAPS.
Requirements to become a police officer in South Africa
Under the proposed changes, every person that is newly recruited or considered for appointment to the SAPS as a police officer shall be subjected to an integrity test before appointment.
The bill also proposes that a lifestyle audit be performed on any member where there are reasonable grounds to suspect that they are living above their income.
The bill defines a “lifestyle audit” as a comparison of the known income of a person with his or her standard of living.
How long do you study to be a police officer in South Africa?
The duration of the Learning Programme will be 24 months, of which 12 months will be at the Academy and 12 months in the workplace. It will consist of two phases at the academy and one phase in the workplace. The foundational phase – will mainly focus on acquiring the needed knowledge and skills.
What Qualifications are needed to be a police officer in South Africa?
How to Become a Police Officer
Take a college course or get an apprenticeship. According to the National Careers Service, you can take a level 2 or level 3 diploma in public service before applying to the police force.
Apply to the police force.
Take an assessment.
Take a physical exam.
Pass a security background check.
How long is the SAPS training?
The newly appointed constables will undergo a four-month training programme where they will be developed in a number of fields to enable them to serve as men and women in blue. Their training programme has been tailored to build on their experience and exposure to the policing field.
How Much Does police training cost in South Africa?
From research, the cost of enrolling in a Police academy is usually total less than R71544.95, and some police departments will reimburse a percentage of that tuition upon employment. After receiving your certification, you can then apply to become a police officer in that state.
Can I be Police without Matric?
We can help! If you are looking to apply to become a police officer then you should know that you do not have to obtain a diploma or degree but you must have passed matric with the compulsory languages and mathematics or mathematical literacy. You must be fluent in English and at least one other official language.
RELATED: Matric Results Release Date 2023
Can you join the police without a degree in South Africa?
You don’t need a degree to join. With a Police Constable Degree Apprenticeship (PCDA) you can earn and learn on the job, and you’ll end up with a degree in Professional Policing Practice at the end of the programme. Many forces are recruiting officers in this way right now – you can apply through your chosen force.
What are the pros and cons of being a police officer in South Africa?
Top 10 Being a Police Officer Pros & Cons – Summary List
|BEING A POLICE OFFICER PROS||BEING A POLICE OFFICER CONS|
|You learn how to deal with difficult people||Plenty of emotional stress involved|
|Police officers have a good fitness level||Your family will worry about you|
|Good job prospects||Being a police officer can be stressful|
Do police reservists get paid in South Africa?
A police reservist is a member of the community who performs part-time policing functions or activities for SAPS on a voluntary basis without being paid. You cannot be appointed as a reservist if you: are a member of a municipal police service.
How difficult is the police academy in South Africa?
Most police academies are known to be more difficult than basic training, but it can depend on where you study. Basic training teaches the core skills and knowledge to succeed in a military environment. It requires hard work and determination.